The Development of Peace and Conflict During the 21st Century in Relevance with Afghanistan Warfare
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The Present global order has been turned in to competitive manner due to the mpowered regional superpowers, superpower rivalries upon fulfillment of political, Economic and Strategic agendas and concepts of Legitimacy, Sovereignty, Religious extremism and Democracy. Even though, The United Nations was established in order to keep global governance against the destructive, violent conflicts, up to day in many occasions it hasn’t. Many proxy warfares has been taken place all around the world on achieving the regional hegemony towards many aspects. Afghanistan, being a battleground for many years, has experienced violations of its external and internal sovereignty by Russia and United States under the globalized justifications, upon protecting Afghan’s internal sovereignty and legitimate ruling. In midst the struggles and proxies, made Afghanistan vulnerable to much interference such as internal conflicts by the armed fractions and external invasions by emerging superpowers. It caused in to grave damage on each and every aspect which required for futuristic development of a country such as destruction of infrastructure, brain drain, weakened rule of law and poor governance etc. Instead of that, this research focuses on the sudden power transition from United States who played a vital role in Afghanistan, with the concept “War on Terrorism” to Taliban; who was the major armed fraction in Afghanistan and the futuristic challenges ahead of Afghanistan.