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Evaluation of Setup Errors in Three-dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for Pelvic Sites by Using Electronic Portal Imaging Device (EPID)

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dc.contributor.author Gunarathne, KACM
dc.contributor.author Sampath, DC
dc.contributor.author Rizwy, MM
dc.contributor.author Ramanathan, V
dc.date.accessioned 2021-10-05T07:39:30Z
dc.date.available 2021-10-05T07:39:30Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.kdu.ac.lk/handle/345/4767
dc.description.abstract The setup error is defined as any deviation between the intended and actual treatment position, and it is determined by measuring the shift of the treatment field position by comparing the treatment image against its reference image. Dose distribution over target volume is heavily dependent on setup margins. It is essential to evaluate setup errors for each linear accelerator to reduce the treatment errors. The aim of this study is to evaluate systematic and random setup errors using EPID of patients with cancer in pelvic region treated by 3D-CRT. 1150 portal images of 115 patients were evaluated in this study and displacements between digitally reconstructed radiograph (DRR) and portal images were measured in the direction of right to lateral, superior to inferior in anteroposterior (AP) images and anterior to posterior, superior to inferior in lateral images by matching rigid bony landmarks. 78.17% of total deviations were less than 0.5 cm in all directions. Systematic errors were 0.242, 0.255, 0.227, 0.220 cm and random errors were 0.404, 0.367, 0.313, 0.337 cm in the direction of right to lateral, superior to inferior in AP images and anterior to posterior, superior to inferior in lateral images. The determined CTV (Clinical Target Volume) - PTV (Planning Target Volume) margin based on the international commission of radiation units and measurements (ICRU) was 0.4711, 0.4465, 0.3870, 0.4026 cm in order to the above directions. The determined setup errors of the present study are well matched with the published setup error data that corresponds to the pelvic radiotherapy practices. 0.5 cm safety margin is suggested for all patients treated with 3D-CRT in the pelvic region, which is recommended according to ICRU. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject setup error en_US
dc.subject 3D-CRT, DRR en_US
dc.subject portal images en_US
dc.subject safety margin en_US
dc.title Evaluation of Setup Errors in Three-dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for Pelvic Sites by Using Electronic Portal Imaging Device (EPID) en_US
dc.type Article Abstract en_US


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