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Comparison of the Effectiveness of Five ‘A’ Plan to Quit Smoking by Sailors in Two Population Samples in Sri Lanka Navy

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dc.contributor.author Samarawickrama, HDI
dc.contributor.author Samarathunga, SP
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-22T00:08:50Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-22T00:08:50Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.kdu.ac.lk/handle/345/2781
dc.description.abstract Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, and tobacco use is a recognized causal factor in the genesis of NCDs. The current smoking prevalence is 39% among males and 2.6% among females. Sri Lanka was the fifth country in the region to sign the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the first country in the region to ratify it. Hence quitting smoking is very important health intervention and 5 A’s (US-public health clinical practice guideline) is a recommended psychological intervention method for persons willing to quit smoking. A non-random purposive first sample of forty seven sailors who were in the habit of smoking, diagnosed with non-chronic disease (NCD) in northwestern naval area in year 2013 was selected for study. A number of thirty smokers with 87% NCD patients were included in the second study sample in 2016 at northern naval area. 19.8% were in 20-29 age group, 66.6% in 30-39, 66.6% and 13.2% in 40-49 year age groups. Only 17% had advanced educational qualifications and 83% were junior sailors. Both samples were directed to brief intervention and 5 A’s method (ask, awareness, assess, arrange, award) and follow-up for a 3-month period by naval nurses, counseling officers and public health inspectors. 72.34% of first study sample and 100% of second study sample quit/reduced smoking after 3 months, after commencing brief intervention and 5A method. Brief intervention and 5A’s method can be used as an effective low-cost method to quit smoking. Age, educational status, discipline and seniority may have an effect on the outcome. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Non-Communicable Diseases en_US
dc.subject Five ‘A’s Method en_US
dc.title Comparison of the Effectiveness of Five ‘A’ Plan to Quit Smoking by Sailors in Two Population Samples in Sri Lanka Navy en_US
dc.type Article Full Text en_US
dc.identifier.journal KDU IRC en_US
dc.identifier.pgnos 65 en_US


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