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Microbial Cellulases: The Potential Application in Dye Removal from Denim

Show simple item record Jayasekara, SK Karunarathna, GDIS Abayasekara, CL Kumara, KLW Ratnayake, RR 2020-12-18T22:34:58Z 2020-12-18T22:34:58Z 2018
dc.description.abstract Cellulases are enzymes that hydrolyze β-1, 4 linkages in cellulose. Their applications in industries such as paper, pulp, textile processing and food are gradually increasing. Especially, textile processing includes dye removal from denim to give a faded look to the cotton fabric. Replacement of conventional chemical dye removal methods with microbial cellulases is found economically as well as environmentally feasible. The objective of this study was to investigate the dye removal potential of crude cellulase enzyme extracts obtained from soil fungi. Cellulase production from each isolate was carried out in defined medium described by Mandels and Weber with incubation at 300 C for 7 days at 120 rpm shaking. The culture filtrate in citrate buffer (pH = 4.8) was used as the crude enzyme extract to perform filter paper assay and to treat 5×5 cm denim swatch. The final absorbance of the treated solution was measured at 600 nm by UV-visible spectrophotometer. The isolates with significantly higher total cellulase activities were morphologically identified. The highest total cellulase activity was observed in Trichoderma as 0.583 FPU/ml, followed by Aspergillus and Penicillium which showed total cellulase activities above 0.1 FPU/ml. The highest final absorbance was given as 0.937 by the enzyme extract from the same Trichoderma isolate while most of the other isolates gave an absorbance above 0.3. The dye removal potential of each isolate was directly proportional to their enzyme activities. The isolates with higher cellulase activities have the potential to be used in commercial level denim dye removal. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Cellulase en_US
dc.subject Textile processing en_US
dc.subject Trichoderma en_US
dc.title Microbial Cellulases: The Potential Application in Dye Removal from Denim en_US
dc.type Article Full Text en_US
dc.identifier.journal KDU IRC en_US
dc.identifier.pgnos 28 en_US

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