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Effect of Heat Stress on Pregnancy Rate in Crossbred Temperate Dairy Cattle under Tropical conditions

Show simple item record Jayathilake, WMNK Madushanka, HTSI Rathnakumara, WMTD Prashanth, Y Nizanantha, K Perera, GDRK Alexander, PABD 2019-11-25T14:57:52Z 2019-11-25T14:57:52Z 2019
dc.description.abstract The decline of reproductive efficiency under heat stress is a drawback for the dairy industry. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether there is any relationship between the reproductive performance in cows and the Temperature Humidity Index (THI) and to improve the reproductive indices in the imported cows by using a synchronization protocol followed by Artificial Insemination (AI). Eight medium scale farms in Matale, Kandy and Kurunegala districts were selected. A group of first parity, healthy cows (n=205) were synchronized using Ov-synch synchronization protocol using intramuscular hormonal injections (Day 0: 2ml GnRH, Day 07: 2ml Cloprostinol sodium, Day 09: 2ml GnRH). Sixteen to eighteen hours after the third injection, AI was performed. After 35- 45 days, pregnancy diagnosis was performed using per-rectal ultrasonic scanning method. On each farm visit the THIs of the farms were calculated. Pregnancy rate was below 6% in 3 farms in which most of the days THI was beyond 78 causing moderate heat stress and the body temperature of the cows in those farms were between 102.9 - 104.50 F. Average THI of the farms with a pregnancy rate beyond 20%, was below78 and none of them were exceeding the cut off THI for moderate heat stress zone and the body temperature of the cows was below 102.50 F.There is a negative effect of high THI and high body temperature on pregnancy rate among the imported temperate dairy herds to tropical environments. Although metabolic heat generation is sufficient to maintain the body temperature, further absorption can be continue due to the high environmental temperature leading to heat stress. Thus it is essential to implement appropriate measures to reduce heat stress in order to enhance their reproductive performances.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject dairy cattle en_US
dc.subject reproduction en_US
dc.subject heat stress en_US
dc.subject temperature humidity index en_US
dc.title Effect of Heat Stress on Pregnancy Rate in Crossbred Temperate Dairy Cattle under Tropical conditions en_US
dc.type Article Full Text en_US
dc.identifier.journal KDUIRC-2019 en_US
dc.identifier.pgnos 640-643 en_US

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