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HIV/AIDS Risk Reduction and Prevention among Drug Users through Behavioral Interventions in an Urban Setting

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dc.contributor.author Galappaththi, K
dc.contributor.author Nissananka, M
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-01T09:34:45Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-01T09:34:45Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.kdu.ac.lk/handle/345/1536
dc.description article full text en_US
dc.description.abstract Drug use is a major risk factor in spreading HIV infection. Drug users (DUs) might trade sex for drugs or for money to buy drugs and/or vice versa. Drug use can reduce a person's commitment to use condoms and practice safer sex. Often, substance users have multiple sexual partners. This increases their risk of becoming infected with HIV or another STI. Therefore, changing drug-related behaviors contributes to eradication of transmission of HIV. A behavior change (BC) model, which directly address BCs than merely conducting awareness/training workshops was implemented in Negombo, a tourist destination located in west coast of Sri Lanka where dwellers are vulnerable for drug use and sex trade. BC intervention tools used included low-cost community camps, group, ex-user and one-to-one discussions, brainstorming sessions to demystify myths about drug use and HIV while strengthening target groups. A rapid situation and response analysis was conducted prior to commencing interventions. Interventions concentrated more on 10 specific spots in Negombo. 350 DUs,their families, peers, 170 regular sex partners (RSP) including commercial sex workers (CSW), and neighbors were targeted through interventions. As a result, of BC model 80 quitted drug use, 59 reduced use, 29 changed their behaviors, 21 work as peer educators, 37 directed to STD clinics. 59 relapsed. The interventions with RSP resulted in following; 32 supported DUs to quit, 35 were educated on safer sex practices, 13 requested for condoms. BC model resulted in BCs in DUs, RSP, families and in their localities going beyond awareness and education. DUs and RSPs reduced individual risk behaviors, promoted and practiced safer sex practices (ex: condom use), motivated to get medical assistance for symptoms and suspected exposure to STDs and if engaged in risky behavior, to be tested.Changing behaviors related to drug use itself results in HIV risk reduction and prevention. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.subject behavior change en_US
dc.subject drug users en_US
dc.title HIV/AIDS Risk Reduction and Prevention among Drug Users through Behavioral Interventions in an Urban Setting en_US
dc.type Article Full Text en_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitation Galappaththi, K. and Nissananka, M. (2014) ‘HIV/AIDS Risk Reduction and Prevention among Drug Users through Behavioral Interventions in an Urban Setting’, in KDU International Research Symposium Proceedings. General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, pp. 38–41. Available at: http://ir.kdu.ac.lk/handle/345/1536.
dc.identifier.journal KDU IRC en_US
dc.identifier.issue FOM en_US
dc.identifier.pgnos 38-41 en_US

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