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Effectiveness of Using Improvisations to Develop English Speaking Skills

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dc.contributor.author Kothalawala, CJ
dc.contributor.author Kothalawala, TD
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-21T13:41:39Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-21T13:41:39Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.kdu.ac.lk/handle/345/1174
dc.description Article full text en_US
dc.description.abstract Most learners find speaking in English challenging, and tend to be silent in English speaking classrooms due to psychological factors like inhibition, fear of making mistakes and language difficulties. In that regard, improvisations or spontaneous role plays can be used as an effective tool to develop their speaking skills. This paper presents an experimental research on identifying the effectiveness of using improvisations to develop students’ English speaking skills. 48 intermediate level law undergraduates were divided into the experiment and control group. The speaking competence of both groups in terms of their fluency and accuracy was tested in a pre-test. The students in the experimental group acted out 15 improvisations in pairs as the intervention whereas the control group only engaged in the activities in the English programme for fifteen weeks. A post-test was conducted to identify whether there is a significant improvement in the speaking competence of the experimental group. The objectivity of the tests was identified using inter-rater reliability, and 80% of ratings of the two raters was identical. Results of Paired Sample t- Tests of the pre- test and post- test of the experimental group indicated that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the pre test (M= 6.47, SD= 0.994) and the mean score of the post test (M= 7.47, SD= 0.744), t (23) = (-10.018, P = .00 < .05. The magnitude of the mean difference is large and indicates that improvisations developed the undergraduates’ fluency and accuracy in speaking. In addition, teacher observations and informal interviews conducted with the students present the benefits of using improvisations. In improvisations students practice a number of skills: engage in active listening, be aware of body language, maintain eye contact, build rapport with the audience, and produce utterances spontaneously in unexpected situations. It is important to study the effectiveness of using improvisations related to specific situations of undergraduates’ future professions to cater the needs of the learners in English for Specific Purposes programmes. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject speaking skills en_US
dc.subject English speaking skills en_US
dc.title Effectiveness of Using Improvisations to Develop English Speaking Skills en_US
dc.type Article Full Text en_US
dc.identifier.journal KDU IRC en_US
dc.identifier.pgnos 69-72 en_US


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